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What Is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil and Does It Have CBD?

December 06, 2022 Blog No Comments »

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You’ll often come across the term full-spectrum hemp oil when looking at different hemp products. You may wonder if it contains CBD or not and whether you’ll get high from consuming it.

Read on as we shed light on what full-spectrum hemp oil is and the chemical compounds that you will find in it.

What is CBD?

CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol. It is a naturally occurring compound found in hemp or marijuana. When ingested, CBD interacts with the human body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS’s function is to regulate bodily functions like sleep, mood, and the immune system.

Unlike THC, CBD binds to the CB1 receptors to produce feelings of well-being without getting you high. This has increased its appeal among hemp users who are looking to incorporate it into their wellness regimen.

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What is Full-spectrum Hemp Oil?

Full-spectrum hemp oil is an extract specifically derived from the hemp plant. It contains all the compounds that naturally occur in the hemp plant, including CBD. This means that you get the entourage effect from consuming it.

Apart from CBD, here are other compounds that you’re likely to find in full-spectrum oil:

  • THC (tetrahydrocannabinol): THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid that produces weed’s signature “high.” Full-spectrum hemp oil contains THC levels of 0.3% or less. Such negligible THC amounts won’t cause intoxicating effects.
  • Cannabichromene (CBC): It is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that provides various wellness effects.
  • Cannabigerol (CBG): It also has a wide range of wellness effects.
  • Cannabinol (CBN): It has strong sedative properties.
  • Terpenes: These are aromatic compounds that give hemp its smell and flavor. Full-spectrum hemp oil has a good number of natural terpenes. They include myrcene, pinene, limonene, caryophyllene, linalool, and humulene, just to name a few. Terpenes also work together with the cannabinoids in the full-spectrum hemp oil to enhance the wellness benefits of the cannabinoids.
  • Flavonoids: These are phytonutrients that give a dark green color to hemp plants. Examples include cannflavin, anthocyanin, and quercetin. Flavonoids also work with cannabinoids and terpenes to induce the entourage effect.

How to Verify Your Full-spectrum Hemp Oil

If you’re skeptical about the full-spectrum hemp oil you intend to buy, you can go one step further to confirm the CBD content by scrutinizing the COA for the product itself. Without the COA, you can’t accurately determine if the full-spectrum hemp oil indeed contains CBD and at what percentage.

Essentially, the certificate of analysis details what’s contained in the hemp product based on a test performed by an independent, third-party laboratory.

In the case of full-spectrum hemp oil, the COA will list the detectable cannabinoids and the strength of each cannabinoid in percentage form. It may also reveal the presence of terpenes and any harmful contaminants like pesticides, heavy metals, mold, and bacteria.

You can access the lab report of the full-spectrum hemp oil before making a purchase. You simply scan the QR code on the bottle through your phone. And if you’re shopping online, you can access it on the vendor’s website.

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Assessing the CBD Content

To assess the CBD content, you should compare the CBD percentage listed in the COA, and the amount of CBD marketed on the product label. CBD is usually listed in mg/mL or milligrams per millimeter.

To work out the total CBD content, multiply the CBD concentration listed in the lab report by the total volume of the full-spectrum oil bottle in mL.

Let’s assume the CBD concentration of the oil is 15.25 mg/mL, and the total oil volume in the bottle is 70mL. In this case, you would multiply 15.25 by 70. This would translate to 1067.5 mg of CBD, representing the total CBD content within the full-spectrum hemp oil bottle.

The Entourage Effect

Imagine two basketball teams pitted against each other. Team one has only one player performing everything, including defending, shooting, and rebounding. Team two, on the other hand, has all five players helping each other out to do everything.

Team two best summarizes what happens when you consume full-spectrum hemp oil. While CBD alone has its good share of effects, the synergy of the wide range of chemical compounds in full-spectrum hemp oil has more potential when combined together.

That’s because all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids work cordially to produce enhanced wellness effects than when each is consumed separately. This phenomenon is popularly known as the “Entourage Effect.”

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Reported Effects of Using Full-spectrum Hemp Oil

Full-spectrum hemp oil is said to have a positive impact on wellness through the entourage effect. But what really are these reported effects?

  • Relaxation: Users mention experiencing feelings of relaxation without getting sedated after consuming full-spectrum hemp oil. The range of cannabinoids is said to relieve muscle tension while also eliminating racing thoughts from your mind.
  • Mood boost: The oil reportedly helps eliminate negative thoughts and keep you calm. As a result, you may experience a sense of optimism and get in high spirits.
  • Focus: Taking a few drops of full-spectrum hemp oil in the morning can be the perfect coffee substitute. You’re likely to experience enhanced focus and alertness, which will boost your productivity throughout the day.

The Bottom Line

Full-spectrum hemp oil contains CBD and a full range of other compounds derived from the hemp plant. This includes traces of THC and other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.

All these chemical compounds are said to work synergistically to provide what is popularly known as the entourage effect.

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